What is Lassa Fever and Where It Was Found?

recently a case of the death of one of the three persons in the united kingdom that is uk diagnosed with lassa fever was reported the cases have been linked to travel to west african countries now let’s understand what is lhasa fever this is a virus that was first discovered in 1969 at a place called lhasa in the west african country of nigeria the virus was named after the town as lasa the discovery of this disease was made after two nurses died in nigeria the fever is primarily found in countries in west africa including sierra leone liberia guinea and nigeria where it is endemic the fever that comes from lhasa virus infection is called lhasa fever now let’s discuss how does it spread the fever is spread by rats to humans one can become infected with this disease by eating food items that are contaminated with the urine or faces of an infected rat it can also be spread if a person comes in contact with a sick person’s infected bodily fluids ortho mucus membranes such as the eyes nose or mouth however the infection does not spread through casual contact such as touching hugging shaking hands or sitting near an infected one apart from this people usually don’t become contagious before symptoms appear its symptoms are symptoms typically appear one to three weeks after exposure mild symptoms include slight fever fatigue weakness and headache whereas in severe cases the patient starts having difficulty breathing along with swelling on the face problems like chest back and abdominal pain etc also start to appear and in severe cases bleeding may occur now discussing about the impacts the risk of death may increase from two weeks of the onset of symptoms in this death is usually a result of multi-organ failure however the death rate associated with this disease is low that is around one percent the rate may be higher for certain individuals such as pregnant women in their third trimester the highest effect of this disease has been seen in pregnant women according to the centers for disease control and prevention that is cdc the most common complication associated with the fever is deafness nearly one third of those infected report various degrees of deafness in many such cases the hearing loss can be permanent significantly deafness can occur in both mild as well as severe presentations of the fever according to the european center for disease prevention and control about 80 percent of the cases are asymptomatic and therefore remain undiagnosed now let’s discuss the way to avoid getting infected avoiding contamination of food with rats and their faces or urine etc by staying away from places where this disease is prevalent as an epidemic and maintaining hygiene now it’s time for the practice question consider the following statements

1. Lassa fever is caused by a virus spread by rats

2. The most common complication associated with fever is blindness.

which of the above statement or statements is or are correct? the answer to this question in the comment section

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